The new report “Encouraging hate crime reporting – The role of law enforcement and other authorities” by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) analyses under-reporting of bias-motivated violence and explores possible avenues to encourage and facilitate reporting.
One out of ten LGBTQI persons in the EU has been victim of bias-motivated violence and the rates are even higher for trans and intersex individuals according to the 2019 EU LGBTQI II survey (FRA). Regrettably, these violences are accompanied by high levels of under-reporting (79%).
The report stretches the importance of understanding intersectional experiences of bias-motivated violence as it is a multiplication factor for under-reporting. As such, it should be emphasized that LGBTQI youth had a particularly low reporting rate (15%). It is interesting to note that whilst higher educational levels have been shown to significantly raise reporting rates in general, this is not the case for LGBTQI persons.
Distrust and fear of LGBTQI-phobic responses by the police have been identified as the main reasons for under-reporting of SOGIGESC bias-motivated violence. The analysis emphasizes liaison officers between public authorities and LGBTQI communities as a promising practice to heighten reporting rates. It highlights a collaboration between Brussels Prevention and Security (a public body) and the local LGBTQI NGO Rainbow House as an example of best practice to combat under-reporting.
Link to report: https://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2021/hate-crime-reporting
Link to the EU LGBTI Survey II report: https://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2020/eu-lgbti-survey-results